geopolitics Analysis of influence of geography on power relations within the international arena. The term geopolitics was first invented in the work of Swedish Political scientist Rudolf Kjellen around the turn into the early 20th century and its usage spread across Europe in the years during the time between World Wars I and II (1918-39) and then entered global use after the latter. In current discourse, geopolitics has been extensively used as a loosely used synonym for international politics.
History of Geopolitics
As mentioned above the concept of geopolitical relationships has been in existence since the beginning of humankind. The ancient Greek philosophers wrote extensively about the influence of geography on the political system, like many other famous philosophers and historical leaders since. It was the Industrial Revolution of the 19th century produced a lot of literature and writing about the subject, in addition. But”geopolitics,” as it was known “geopolitics” itself was not popular until relatively recent times, since Swedish Political scientist Rudolf Kjellen first coined the term in the twentieth century C.E. The term was then adopted, first across Europe, then to the rest of the world in the course of world conflicts. Following WWII the term was synonymous with foreign policy and international relations.
WWII is a good example of the geopolitical forces in play during pre-war, war and post-war. Alliances were formed and reformed, which greatly had an impact on the war itself in the course of resource competition and availability continued in the form of government structure and type and the cultural group’s membership affected decisions. There was a huge supply of U.S. oil reserves is thought to have been an important factor in Allied force winning war. U.S. had access to these reserves via various alliances with other countries. Since then it is believed that U.S. oil reserves have increased significantly. U.S. has made continued efforts to secure its ample oil resources, as this can be the key to winning any future conflicts.
After the end of WWII The United Nations was created to create an international alliance of nations with the aim of fostering peace with the members and to prevent further human rights catastrophes, wars as well as wars. In addition, the United Nations would also serve as a diplomatic institution that could provide advice on a variety of different international matters. After World War II, Allied nations were given the task of dividing and organizing the lands of Axis nations. Geopolitics was at play when countries tried to unite other nations by utilizing strategies that were beneficial to their own. This often caused conflict in the subsequent times.
How does geopolitics work?
Geopolitics is in play when governments, political leaders as well as corporations evaluate how their actions will impact other leaders in the political arena as well as organizations, countries and companies. Geopolitics isn’t a new concept in politics at all. Planning to anticipate the reactions of other people in different regions of the globe is a part of the political process for many thousands of years however, it has grown since the start in the early 20th century.
Explains that geopolitics has three aspects. It is first concerned with the issue of power and influence in territories and space. It also uses geographic frames to comprehend the world’s events. Thirdly, geopolitics is a future-oriented field. It provides insight into the probable behavior of nations because their needs remain essentially the same. States have to safeguard their resources, defend their territory including their borderlands as well as manage their population. Two major ways of understanding the concept of geopolitics are presented traditional geopolitics which concentrates on the relationship between territorial interests and power of the state as well as geographic environments, and critically geopolitics that tends to be more focused on the role of ideology and discourse.
How Geopolitics Works
What exactly is geopolitics? It’s a bit complex in its simplicity, in fact. One way to understand the complexity is to explain what is required in geopolitics. Geopolitics requires at minimum two actors geographically separated (usually in different continents or countries). Each of the (or at least two) actors should be aware of one another. Geopolitics relies on this kind of information and the geographical physical location.
Knowing each other’s habits is essential since it assumes that both parties will be strategic in their actions. For example If two people were the owners of parts of the forest, it could be expected that both are interested in how each other handles fire safety as a fire can damage the land of everyone. One person would be responsible. If nobody knew about any other owners, the fire could be considered an act of nature.
However, here’s the truth that both actors must be able to communicate. If both actors are confined the quiet and don’t disrupt the environment around them, the geopolitics won’t be present. How can they interact? There are too many possibilities to list, but a few examples of interactions that you may recognize include travel, pollution, trade and immigration.
These two aspects are easy to understand. If your country purchases the majority of the items that my country produces and my country is the largest purchaser, then I have an incentive to pay attention to political issues that is in the country you live. In addition my country could also make laws to ensure our nations can coexist. Think about this question on pollution: What is the outcome if your country polluted a river flowing down through three nations? It could soon become an important political issue. The reason for this is so complex in its complex nature: there isn’t an simple answer to this question.
The popularity of geopolitical theories diminished following World War II, both because of its connection to Nazi German and imperial Japanese aggression, and also because the advent of nuclear explosives as well as missiles that were ballistic missiles diminished the importance of geopolitics to the strategic power balance. But geopolitics did continue as a factor in international political affairs and serve as the foundation for an United States’ Cold War strategy of limitation that was devised through George Kennan as an attempt to contain expanding the Soviet Union. Political geographers also started to broaden geopolitics to encompass both military and economic aspects.