Africa Libya

US and AFRICOM Carry Out Strikes in Libya on Obama’s Last Day in Office

ISIS IN ACTION On 16 January, Brg. Mohammed al-Ghosri, who was last week promoted by the GNA Minister of Defence (MoD) from Head of the BM Operations Room to MoD spokesperson, announced that more than 2,500 bodies of ISIS fighters had been collected from Sirte. He added that hundreds of other bodies may still be under the rubble. Ghosri said that no ISIS members escaped from Sirte during the 8 month siege of the city by BM forces. He concluded that those ISIS fighters who are currently regrouping south of Sirte and in southern Libya were already located out of the BM control perimeter when the Sirte operation began. Ghosri also said he thinks that ISIS proliferation in southern Libya is a real threat, and that a major war in southern Libya is possible if the political situation in Libya remains in limbo.

On 16 January, the 604 militia, which controls Sirte and is affiliated with the UN-backed Government of National Accord’s (GNA) al-Bunyan al-Marsus (BM) Misratan-led forces, warned that Islamists and militias loyal to the Muslim Brotherhood are planning to cause instability in the city. The 604 brigade claimed Islamists plan to use Sirte as a launch pad for a new offensive against the Libyan National Army (LNA) in the oil crescent. They threatened to take the war to these Islamist forces in Sirte and Jufra. The 604’s fighters mainly belong to the anti-ISIS Salafist denomination and are said to be closer to Haftar’s camp than to his rivals in western Libya.

On 17 January, LNA forces in Nawfaliyah, a town west of Sirte, captured Emhemmed Emrajaa al-Hamali, a senior Libyan ISIS commander from Sirte. Al-Hamali was taken by the LNA, along with his son, to Grenada prison in Benghazi. Al-Hamali was reportedly responsible for attacking Sirte’s Ibn Sina hospital and the Man Made River station. He had been appointed in 2012 to head Sirte’s Supreme Security Committee branch, which became a cover for Ansar al-Sharia in the city.

On 17 January, a convoy of 4 ISIS vehicles reportedly set up a checkpoint along the Man Made River network route at Wadi Bey. A fuel tanker was obstructed, hijacked and transported to an unknown location. The same day, an unexploded IED was found by the bomb disposal unit in Sirte’s first residential area. They successfully defused the device. A suicide belt was also found in one of the farms in al-Gharbiyat area and safely detonated.

WESTERN RESPONSE On 19 January, American B-2 stealth bombers destroyed two ISIS camps approximately 44 km south-west of Sirte, dropping more than 100 precision-guided bombs on the targets. The US forces then reportedly ‘cleaned up’ with drone hellfire missiles. Secretary of Defence Ash Carter said that initial estimates indicated the airstrikes killed more than 80 ISIS militants. The Government of National Accord (GNA) announced airstrikes were coordinated with the US government and AFRICOM.

On 21 January, a VBIED exploded in Tripoli’s Dahra area, just opposite the Ministry of Planning building. Local sources say that the vehicle had attempted to park just opposite the Italian embassy when it was spotted and chased away by local security. It exploded in the road. Red Crescent staff said two charred bodies were retrieved from the vehicle and taken for forensics. It is not known who is responsible for the attack, however it is a serious security blow for the GNA barely a week after the reopening of the Italian embassy and normalisation of consular affairs.

On 17 January, British Ambassador Peter Millet flew to Tubruk to meet with the House of Representatives (HoR) President Agilah Saleh and other HoR members who oppose the current GNA in Tubruk. Italy has also attempted to send aid packages to Khalifa Haftar’s forces in eastern Libya. However, this gesture was reportedly informally refused by the Libyan National Army (LNA) who said that Italy must withdraw all its forces currently on the ground in Libya before any aid would be accepted. Italy has been providing medical services and some military support to the GNA-aligned Misratan coalition fighting against Islamic State (ISIS) in Sirte, however the LNA is concerned that Misrata will use this support to fight the LNA. Before the inauguration, Italian newspaper Le Stampa reported that the Trump administration had informed Italian officials that the US may not choose to support Fayez al-Serraj as the Prime Minister of the UN-backed GNA.

Attribution-NoDerivs 2.0 Generic Flickr: European Commission DG ECHO

Libya-Analysis is the most read independent English-language blog on Libyan affairs. It is run by Jason Pack, founder of EyeOnISISinLibya.com and researcher of World History at Cambridge University

This article was used with explicit permission from the author.