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UN and ICC Condemn Executions by Libyan National Army

On 27 January, a cooperative effort began between the al-Bunyan al-Marsous Security Directorate of Sirte and the Red Crescent of Misrata to recover the bodies of ISIS fighters buried in Sirte’s neighborhood 600 and 656. Three bodies were recovered with another six the following day. Neighborhood 600 saw some of the most intense clashes between ISIS fighters and al-Bunyan al-Marsous forces in 2016, when the former occupied the city.

On 24 January, Libyan National Army (LNA) Special Forces commander Mahmoud al-Werfalli was filmed executing 10 people imprisoned by the LNA following a double bomb attack in Benghazi on 23 January. In response, UNSMIL and a number of Western countries condemned the summary executions and called for the implementation of the International Criminal Court (ICC) arrest warrant for Werfalli.

The ICC issued an arrest warrant for Werfalli in August 2017 due to video evidence of his orchestration and participation in the execution of prisoners in Benghazi, which amounts to war crimes. After the ICC issued the warrant, the LNA announced it was investigating him and had detained him, though his whereabouts were unclear. However, it is now clear that the LNA has so far been unable to arrest Werfalli due to public support for his actions in Benghazi.

On 25 January, the UN Support Mission in Libya launched an appeal for US$313 million from donors as part of its 2018 Libya Humanitarian Response Plan. The plan aims to respond to the most basic needs of 940,000 people out of an estimated 1.1 million in need of life-saving humanitarian assistance and protection across Libya.

On 25 January, the office of the Government of National Accord Prime Minister Fayez al-Serraj said that Christian Buck, Germany’s ambassador to Libya, had informed Serraj that the German embassy has started taking the necessary steps to return to Tripoli this year.

Libya-Analysis is the most read independent English-language blog on Libyan affairs. It is run by Jason Pack, founder of and researcher of World History at Cambridge University

This article was republished with explicit permission from the author.